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Microbial Fuel Cell & Earth Cell Batteries as A Renewable Power Source for Smart Cities


Author(s):

Indresh Jain , Geetanjali Institute of Technical, Studies, Dabok, Udaipur, Rajasthan; Mahendra Kumar Salvi, Geetanjali Institute of Technical, Studies, Dabok, Udaipur, Rajasthan; Prateek Jha, Geetanjali Institute of Technical, Studies, Dabok, Udaipur, Rajasthan

Keywords:

Bio hydrogen, Electricity generation, Microbial fuel cells (MFCs), Renewable energy technology, Wastewater treatment, Earth battery

Abstract:

Earth battery and Microbial fuel cell are the renewable power sources which can be utilise for smart and growing cities with less pollution effects. Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) can give the electric current and hydrogen as product of bacterial metabolism from organic waste under anaerobic conditions. Enormous supply of bacteria-soil nearly every place on Earth, microbial fuel cells has potential to give renewable electricity nearly anywhere round the globe and earth battery is an erstwhile concept designed to generate electricity by using to dissimilar electrode buried I the ground it can produce low voltage and current for a finite interval of time. this is the reason lots of research has swift in this field now days. It has been known for many years that by breaking down organic substrates with the help of bacteria the generation of electricity are possible. The recent energy limitations and hazards have rested interests in MFCs among researchers as to produce electric power or hydrogen gas form organic waste without affecting the ecosystem. The MFCs has a potential to give clean energy without emission of carbon. The MFCs can become very powerful tool for municipal ,industrial, agriculture and domestic waste management because of generation of electricity while consume and break down environmental pollutants in order to built green ecosystem. Although being very promising source of eco energy the amount of energy is low at present so its uses are limited. Present paper is for discuss the opportunity to use MFCs and Earth batteries as sustainable source of electric energy by understand its working phenomenon, application and limitation. This paper is also gives the idea to use these sources to generate electricity in houses, industries and municipal corporation by using small and bigger flowerpot, garden or farms. This method also can be used in organic dump yard and houses wastage yards.


Other Details:

Manuscript Id :RMSCRP024
Publication Date: 05/04/2017
Page(s): 98-102
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