IJSTE

CALL FOR PAPERS : December-2022

Submission Last Date
25-December-22
Submit Manuscript Online

FOR AUTHORS

FOR REVIEWERS

ARCHIEVES

DOWNLOADS

Open Access



CopyScape
Creative Commons License

Isolation and Characterization of Cellulose Oil Palm Fronds Biomass Residue


Author(s):

Khairunnisah , Department of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Sumatera Utara - Indonesia; Emma Zaidar, Universitas Sumatera Utara; Marpongahtun, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Keywords:

Cellulose, Oil palm fronds, Chemo-mechanical

Abstract:

The objective of this work was to isolate cellulose from oil palm fronds (Elaeis guineensis) and its characterization. Isolation using method combining physical treatment and repeated chemical treatments. Alkali treatments were performed using hydrolyzed with 45% H2SO4, respectively. High levels of cellulose were successfully extracted, with 5 grams of cellulose for every 10 grams of raw oil palm fronds. The morphology of the cellulose was investigated using scanning electron microscope (SEM). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) The extracted cellulose was found to have smaller diameter (59 – 60 nm) and smoother surface compared to the untreated fibers. The results from FTIR, and XRD indicate that the hemicelluloses and lignin were extensively removed from the isolated cellulose. Alkali treatment helped in removal of hemicelluloses, while bleaching assisted in delignification. The extracted cellulose showed high crystalline index of 68.75% resulted from removal of lignin and hemicelluloses via alkali and bleaching treatments. This isolated cellulose fiber has great properties and can be used in many applications such as reinforcement agent in biocomposite.


Other Details:

Manuscript Id :IJSTEV6I1006
Published in :Volume : 6, Issue : 1
Publication Date: 01/08/2019
Page(s): 47-50
Download Article

IMPACT FACTOR

4.753

NEWS & UPDATES

Submit Article

Dear Authors, You can submit your article to our journal at the following link: http://www.ijste.org/Submit

Impact Factor

The Impact Factor of our Journal is 4.753 (Year - 2016)
3.905 (Year - 2015) 2.895(Year -2014)

Click Here

Submit Payment Online

Dear Authors, Now you can submit the payment receipt to our journal online at the following link: index.php?p=Payment

1

1

GLOBAL INDEXING



















Computer Science Directory. We are listed under Computer Research Institutes category

Share on Social media

Home | Privacy Policy | Terms & Conditions | Refund Policy | Feedback | Contact Us
Copyright © 2014 ijste.org All rights reserved