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Study on Graphite and Graphene Performance as Electrode in Primary Cell Batteries


Author(s):

Dessy Ratna Sari , Universitas Sumatera Utara - Indonesia; Rikson Siburian, Universitas Sumatera Utara - Indonesia; Jamahir Gultom, Universitas Sumatera Utara - Indonesia

Keywords:

graphene, Hummers method, Mn/graphene, Cu/graphene, XRD, SEM, conductivity

Abstract:

Synthesis of graphene were carried out with the Hummers Method. This study aimed to determine the characterization of graphite and graphene and the performance of graphite and graphene used as electrode in primary cell batteries. The structural analysis on graphite with XRD resulted in the diffraction peak C (002) at 2 = 26.369ᵒ with d-spacing 3.37721 Ǻ with the result of graphene synthesis having decreased diffraction peak at 2 = 23.98ᵒ with d-spacing 3,707 Ǻ. Morphological analysis on graphene with SEM image shows that there was a smaller pore size and wrinkled surface. The performance of graphite and graphene was measured by the results of conductivity test of graphene, Mn/Graphene and Cu/Graphene with 939 μS cm-1, 551.4 μS cm-1 and 481.1 μS cm-1 respectively. This study proved that graphite and graphene were potentially used as electrode in primary cell batteries.


Other Details:

Manuscript Id :IJSTEV4I9046
Published in :Volume : 4, Issue : 9
Publication Date: 01/04/2018
Page(s): 151-156
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