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Transparent Concrete; An Experimental Study


Author(s):

Riya. A. Gite , Saraswati College of Engineering; Shilpa Kewate, Saraswati College of Engineering

Keywords:

Crack, Compressive Strength, Different type of wire mesh, PVC-Coated mesh, Reinforcement Orientation

Abstract:

Natural light in the building is obstructed by development of high rise buildings and sky scrapers. In order to overcome this problem, use of artificial light has increased in large amount. Thus, it becomes necessary to decrease the amount of artificial light consumption in structure. This leads to the introduction of innovative concrete, Transparent concrete. Fiber reinforced concrete i.e., Transparent concrete is used for aesthetical application by placing the optical fibers in concrete. Artificial and natural both the light passes through the transparent concrete due to the addition of optical fibers in concrete. In this paper, the concrete specimen is casted by reinforcing optical fibers in hollow stainless-steel pipe of diameter 5mm with different percentages, replacing fine aggregates with glass crystals in different percentages and then combining both the materials together and comparing it with conventional concrete. Fine aggregates are replaced by glass crystals by 10%, 15%, 20% and 25% in order to reduce the cost of transparent concrete. Glass crystals enhance the use of waste product and make the concrete environment friendly. In the present study, the mix design of M30 concrete is adopted. Optical fibers are reinforced in to the concrete by 0%, 2%, 4%, 6% and 8% based on surface area. Different tests like Compressive strength test, split tensile strength, Flexural strength and Light transmitting test were carried on the specimen. The results evidently show that as the percentage of optical fiber increases the strength also increases. Use of glass crystals also shows a slight reduction in cost as compared to transparent concrete and the combination of optical fiber and glass crystals in concrete gives the prime result as per strength aspects.


Other Details:

Manuscript Id :IJSTEV4I1002
Published in :Volume : 4, Issue : 1
Publication Date: 01/08/2017
Page(s): 14-20
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