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A Comparative study of Environmental Effect of Green buses to Existing Public Transport


Nikhilesh Milind Kadam , PG Student, G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur.; V. K. Bhakhtyapuri, Assistant Professor, G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur; S. D. Ghodmare, Assistant Professor, G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur


Public Transport, Green Bus, CO2 emission, Traffic Volume, Travel Time and Queue Length


Developing economies observe a unique phase of population growth, economic growth as well as urbanization. As one-third of Indian population lives in urban area; and so road transport dominates. Public transport existence is quite uneven in developing cities and where-ever a reasonable level of service is offered it has attracted ridership. Bus-based service all together comprises about 90% of public transport. In cities increasing travel demand, dependence on private vehicle mode and declining public transport mode will increase energy demand and CO2 emission from cities. The research is carried to analysis the environmental parameter CO2 emission of existing public transportation with respect to Green bus and to perform comparative analysis of traffic parameters i.e. queue length and travel time between existing and green bus as a mode of public transportation of selected route by using PTV Vissim and EnViVer software. The Green bus has potential to reduce the CO2 emission about 26.71% which helps to improve air quality of the city, the travel time is increased by 16.73% and 8.50% on north bound and south bound respectively of Green bus due to its bus characteristics, and it provides safety and comfort to the user. The queue contributes 15.34% more by existing public transport as compared to Green bus. Thus alternative fuel such as CNG can be used effectively to lower the environmental impact; and public transportation infrastructure should be developed to provide accessibility and safety to user.

Other Details:

Manuscript Id :IJSTEV3I9218
Published in :Volume : 3, Issue : 9
Publication Date: 01/04/2017
Page(s): 397-401
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