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Factor Influncing Depression Among Adolescents


Author(s):

Sudhan Poudel , Padmashree School of Public Health; Sudarshan Dhungana, Padmashree School of public health; Yadave bandu Bhurtyal, Padmashree of public health

Keywords:

Depression, Academic Stress, Social Support, Stressful Life Events

Abstract:

Mental well being is a fundamental for good quality of life. Around the world depression is one of the most common mental illnesses among working age group. Approx 20% of the adolescents experience a mental health problem each years most commonly depression and anxiety which was the major cause of sucide in developed and developing country. The objective of this study is to explore the risk factors of depression specially focousing on academic stress, perceived social support, and stressful life events. An exploratory case control study was carried out to explore the factors responcible for depression among adolescents of age 15 to 19 years. Total 42 casees of adolescent's depression were included by using the formulae. While calculating the sample size estimated prevalence of academic stress in case group 45% and in comparision group 15% was taken with 5% level of significance and power of study was 80%. Total 120 Adolescents were screened by using beck depression inventory from community for ensuring that they are free from depression. Finally among them 82 were included in study as a control. In case group 28.6% had severe academic whereas 9.5% respondents of control group had severe academic stress. Among cases 23.8% respondents had very good social support whereas among control 73.8% had very good social support. Stressful life events like a Person who had experienced failure of love had 4.75 times (OR=4.75) more risk of depression compare to person who had not experienced failure in love. Similarly, person having habit of smoking, history of chronic illness in family and economic crisis in family had 7.84, 3.65 and 1.76 times (OR= 7.84, 3.65 and 1.76) more risk of depression respectively as compare to person who didn't faced that. Study concludes that inadequate social support, high academic stress, and stressful life events are associated factors for depression.


Other Details:

Manuscript Id :IJSTEV3I5033
Published in :Volume : 3, Issue : 5
Publication Date: 01/12/2016
Page(s): 34-38
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