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An Analysis of Road Mishap Occurs in Developing Countries


Author(s):

Vaishali Kesalkar , Priyadarshini Indira Gandhi College of Engineering ,Nagpur ; Manish Motghare, Priyadarshini Indira Gandhi College of Engineering ,Nagpur

Keywords:

Road Surface, Road-User Behaviour, Vehicle Condition, Pedestrian Flows

Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is toobtain a greater understanding of the problem of road accidents in developing countries. The social importance of road accidents in developing countries by comparing deaths from road accidents with deaths was identified from diseases thought to be of concern in the Third World. Importance was assessed by reviewing cost-estimates of Asian and African and casualty rates over various ten-year periods were determined and countries for these abnormalities levels derived in a number countries. Trends in fatality those countries. The economic showing abnormalities were investigated concerned identified. Reasons data from disaggregated using be found to related were rates Fatality to of vehicle ownership, the higher the vehicle ownership the lower the fatality rate. Regression equations derived were compared with those for developed countries. A detailed study was made of road accidents in India, and comparisons made with results from Europe. The high incidence of fatal accidents, single-vehicle accidents and those involving injury to occupants of commercial vehicles were noted. Regression equations were derived which related rural accidents to geometric design features of the road. Comparisons with results from developed countries indicated the high accident rates pertaining in the developing countries studied. The pattern of road accidents in selected urban areas was examined, areas of high risk identified and relationships established between accident rates and levels of vehicle and pedestrian flows. Factors that might be contributory to the high accident rates in developing countries were studied - the road surface, vehicle condition and road-user behaviour.


Other Details:

Manuscript Id :IJSTEV3I3097
Published in :Volume : 3, Issue : 3
Publication Date: 01/10/2016
Page(s): 165-167
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