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Ground Water Recharge Potential of the Dhanbad District, Jharkhand – A Case Study


Author(s):

Krishna Murari , BIT Sindri; Girijesh Kumar, BIT Sindri; Vikrama Pandey, BIT Sindri

Keywords:

Drought, lithology, groundwater potential, fluctuation

Abstract:

With the increase in demand for water for competing uses, it is difficult to meet the entire demand from a single source and it is a challenge to plan and manage the different water resources. Among the two major water resources, surface and ground water, it is the ground water resource, which needs to be managed carefully, especially in drought prone areas. The hydro-geological features such as sub-soil structure, rock formation, lithology and location of water play a crucial role in determining the potential of water storage in groundwater reservoirs. To assess the groundwater potential, a suitable and accurate technique is required for a meaningful and objective analysis. A critical study is carried out on the different methods of estimating the groundwater potential and compared to arrive at the most suitable technique for practical utility. In this work, four methods of estimating groundwater recharge were studied viz., yearly water level fluctuation, ten year average water level fluctuation, fluctuation between the lowest and highest water levels over ten years and fluctuation in monsoon seasons. The results of this study help in accurate prediction of groundwater availability, which in turn may avoid groundwater over exploitation and help restore the aquatic eco-systems.


Other Details:

Manuscript Id :IJSTEV2I9016
Published in :Volume : 2, Issue : 9
Publication Date: 01/04/2016
Page(s): 29-37
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