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PLC Based Automated Hydroponic System


Author(s):

Umesh Borole , Government College of Engineering and Research, Awasari(Kd), Tal. Ambegaon, Pune; Prof. Nivedita Wagh, Government College of Engineering and Research, Awasari(Kd), Tal. Ambegaon, Pune; Vijendra Pokharkar, Government College of Engineering and Research, Awasari(Kd), Tal. Ambegaon, Pune; Avinash Bastade, Government College of Engineering and Research, Awasari(Kd), Tal. Ambegaon, Pune; Priyanka Surwase, Government College of Engineering and Research, Awasari(Kd), Tal. Ambegaon, Pune

Keywords:

hydroponics, nutrient solution, PLC, pH, soil-less farming

Abstract:

Due to rapid urbanization and industrialization, cultivable land is decreasing rapidly. Due to rising problem of draught, shortage of water has greatly affected Agriculture. HYDROPONICS derives its name from the Greek HYDRO-PONOS meaning water/labor. Literally, "Hydroponics" means "Water Work." Hydroponic method is instrumental in cultivating a plant with minimum and recyclable water. Hydroponics is a technique of growing a plant in water with mineral nutrient solution mixed with it in soil less culture with continuous supply of oxygen at room temperature with indirect light. System uses less water and fertilizer as compared to soil system. Hydroponics has no part in the human work of plowing, hoeing and weeding the field activities of open field system. The growth rate and quality of plant are enhanced as roots gets nutrients and oxygen directly from water medium through process of diffusion. The measured and monitored parameters are pH, humidity, electrical conductivity of water and concentration of nutrients in water and these are useful for the design and development of controller and controlled automation hydroponic system in order to maintain the optimum plant growth.


Other Details:

Manuscript Id :IJSTEV2I10327
Published in :Volume : 2, Issue : 10
Publication Date: 01/05/2016
Page(s): 995-999
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